The whole truth about the English Channel
The English Channel connects the two largest countries in Europe – France and the UK. The length of the strait is 578 km, and the width is from 32 km in the east to 320 km in the western part. A flight in a private aircraft over the English Channel from the international broker AVIAV TM (Cofrance SARL) will give a more complete picture of this geographical feature than any description.
Under this name the strait was known to the ancient Greeks. The English Channel connects the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. In this he is “helped” by the Strait of Pas-de-Calais. Two hundred thousand years ago, due to a huge flood, the Wilde Artois ridge between the island, where Britain is today, and the rest of the European continent was washed away, and a strait formed. His name is French and is translated as “a rather narrow sleeve,” but the British call it their own way: the English Channel.
Cities on the shores of the strait
On the British side, the cities of Portsmouth, Dover and Southampton stand on the strait. On the French coast – Cherbourg, Calais, Dunkirk and Le Havre. Each city has a rich history, its own unique attractions.
In Portsmouth, this is the house where Charles Dickens was born,
In Dover – an ancient castle.
Cherbourg glorified the world famous musical,
Dunkirk went down in history as a place of fierce battles during the Second World War.
A guided tour in a private helicopter, professionally organized by the specialists of AVIAV TM (Cofrance SARL) is the best solution for those interested in European history.
Islands in the English Channel
In the strait are the Channel Islands off the French coast, which are under the jurisdiction of England, and the Isle of Wight, which belongs to Great Britain. The Channel Islands of Jersey and Gersay possessions are not officially part of the European Union, being at the same time its customs lands. Interestingly, on the island of Sark until the beginning of the XXI century lasted feudal ownership under the control of the elders. And on the island of Alderney, only in the summer, on weekends, there is a railway built in the middle of the XIX century.
Crossing the strait in various ways
Strait has always attracted the attention of swimmers from around the world. Throughout its history, more than a thousand English Channel crossings have been recorded, despite its cold water (up to 18 ° C in summer).
In 1974, a resident of Wales crossed the English Channel in a traditional wicker boat – coral, to show the world the benefits of this vessel.
Several times through the strait flew:
By plane in 1909, the French pilot Lou Bleriot;
In 1912, the first woman in the world, an American, Harriet Quimby;
In 1979, the American muscle Brian Allen.
The air superjet from AVIAV TM (Cofrance SARL) is ready to repeat historical flights across the English Channel at any time.
Tunnel under the Channel Tunnel
The tunnel, built in 1994, connected the two banks in a very convenient way – underwater. The total length of the tunnel is 52 kilometers, of which 38 kilometers pass directly under water.
The Eurotunnel, and this is its official name, occupies the third place in the ranking of the longest tunnels in the world (longer than its Seikan in Japan and Gotthard in Switzerland). Now from Paris to London can be reached by rail in 2 hours and 15 minutes. AVIAV TM (Cofrance SARL) offers a comfortable flight from France to Britain on a modern VIP-jet, from the window of which a stunning view of the strait opens.
Interesting facts about the English Channel
Strait since antiquity attracted travelers. Scientists believe that under the waters of the strait you can find a huge number of sunken ships of the Romans, Vikings, Angles and Franks.
On both sides of the strait, historical and natural sights have been preserved: the remains of the Atlantic Wall, the medieval castle of Cornet, the Breton lighthouses, windmills, the chalky reefs, the Needle rocks.
Soil, raised to the surface during the construction of the tunnel, went to the construction of Shakespeare Island on the English part of the strait.
In the waters of the strait is inhabited by several dozen species of fish, among which is the huge sea eel Conger weighing up to one hundred kilograms.