So warm Northern France
The sea and the rocks, Calvados and cider, the Vikings and Joan of Arc, Gothic cathedrals and Camembert – all this is Normandy, so cold in nature and warm in hospitality.
From the Gauls to the Second Front
In the 1st century BC, the Romans, headed by the emperor Octavian Augustus, came to the originally Gallic territories. The construction of roads, cities and stone bridges completely transformed the northern lands located around Lugdun, today’s Lyon. After a century, the northern coast became owned by the Franks, more precisely, the kingdom of Charlemagne, and later, in the IX century, the Viking conquerors came here, one of whose leaders, the legendary Rollon, practically created Normandy as a whole. It was from the lands of Normandy that the Vikings went to conquer England, and then for several centuries the northern lands were the subject of a dispute between the two powers, England and France. In 1944, a second front was opened in Normandy, marked by the landing of the allied forces on the coast.
The coast of the Atlantic Ocean, to Paris is one hundred thirty kilometers (remember D’Artagnan, who rode this distance in a couple of days to get the queen of the suspension), Normandy is subdivided into Upper (eastern) and Lower (western). The cities of Normandy, each in its own way, are known all over the world: Cherbourg – the famous, insanely touching musical film “Umbrellas of Cherbourg”; Le Havre – a major seaport at the mouth of the Seine; Rouen – the execution of Joan of Arc; Caen – excellent local Calvados; Evreux – turbulent history, captured in one of the best museums in France; Dieppe – the discovery at the end of the XVIII century of regular communication with England through the English Channel.
Strait of the English Channel
The strait between England and France, the greatest width of which is two hundred forty kilometers, and the maximum depth of one hundred seventy four meters, is interesting by the fact that in some way they didn’t cross the narrow part of the Pas-de-Calais lovers of extreme sports.
So, in 1875, the British swimmer Matthew Webb swam the strait for the first time in the world, and in 1909 the French pilot Louis Bleriot first flown over the English Channel by plane. In the 1970s, the strait was crossed on a traditional Welsh bullskin boat, on a muscle boat. Not left aside and women, including Russian women, swimming the English Channel for speed. To date, the speed record is 7 hours 25 minutes and belongs to the Australian Tremsey Greens.
The strait, which formed in the Pleistocene due to the melting glacier that had broken through the mountain range, connects the North Sea with the Atlantic Ocean.
The name (from French “English Channel” is translated as “not wide sleeve”) was received by the strait in the 17th century. By the way, the inhabitants of Foggy Albion gave the strait a different name – the English Channel.
In 1994, the Eurotunnel with a total length of fifty-one kilometers was built under the English Channel (thirty-nine of them pass under the ocean waters). Thrown out of the depths of the ground the British used to create the island of Shakespeare. In twenty to thirty minutes, high-speed trains cover the distance between Paris and London, which once seemed huge. Currently, the tunnel under the English Channel is best known for the fact that illegal migrants are trying to get from the mainland to the UK.
Along the coast of the English Channel there are several spa resorts that have been receiving visitors for over two centuries. The most famous of them is the elite Deauville, a place for high society parties. Deauville has great beaches and plenty of entertainment, including casinos and horse racing. As on the Cote d’Azur, in Deauville you can take part in sailing regattas, car races, numerous festivals, in international polo and equestrian competitions.
Deauville’s travel partner is Trouville, which is cheaper, but no less attractive in terms of tourism. Its wide sandy beaches, jazz and horse parades, wonderful fish markets and centers of tallasotherapy have long since turned Trouville into a place of pilgrimage for tourists from all over the world.
The limestone cliffs of Etretat inspired the great Claude Monet and other impressionists to create masterpieces depicting local nature. City guests visit the villa, built for Guy de Maupassant, and the market with the freshest seafood.
The small town of Fecamp is the oldest resort in Normandy, where the cleanest sandy beaches, medieval abbey and ancient castles are located on the ocean coast.
The company Kofrans SARL organizes a trip to the hospitable northern edge with its unique “bokazahs” (hilly fields), snow-white coastal cliffs, delicious cheeses and traditional cider and calvados. The wonderful climate, ocean air, ancient monuments, lakes with turquoise water attract all lovers of quiet and at the same time fascinating travels to themselves.